Cambridge Entomological Club, 1874
PSYCHE

A Journal of Entomology

founded in 1874 by the Cambridge Entomological Club
Quick search

Print ISSN 0033-2615
This is the CEC archive of Psyche through 2000. Psyche is now published by Hindawi Publishing.

Terry L. Erwin.
A Description of the Larva of Thyce harfordi Casey (Scarabaeidae: Melolonthini).
Psyche 77:50-53, 1970.

Searchable PDF, 324K
Stable URL: http://psyche.entclub.org/77/77-050.html
At Hindawi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1970/75264


The following unprocessed text is extracted from the PDF file, and is likely to be both incomplete and full of errors. Please consult the PDF file for the complete article.

A DESCRIPTION OF
THE LARVA OF TIYYCE HARFORDI CASEY
(SCARABAEIDAE : MELOLONTHINI)
BY TERRY L. ERWIN
Museum of Comparative Zoology
IVIating flights of Thyce harfordi Casey adults were first noticed in San Jose, California in 1962.
In subsequent years many adult
beetles were collected, but attempts to excavate larvae proved un- successful until J. Gordon Edwards, Richard Penrose, and I found two specimens. These were destroyed in the mail when we sent them to P. 0. Ritcher at Oregon State University. The following year, Charles Baker, Toby Schuh, Edwards, and I returned to the cherry orchard the larvae were taken from previously. This trip in May, 1965, proved successful in our search for one of the few large scarab genera with undescribed immature stages. Five or six excavations were made, each one adjacent to a randomly chosen cherry tree. The holes were dug to a depth of six feet and were from five to eight feet square. Even with this amount of digging, only eleven larvae were found (two were so badly damaged by the shovel that they had to be discarded). These larvae are here described and a key (for larvae) to the known genera of the Tribe Melolonthini is offered. For the most part. I have tried to follow the style and format used by Ritcher (1966) in order to make this single description fit into that author's excellent and recent work on white grubs and their allies. Tribe Melolonthini (sensu Ritcher)
Key to genera with known immature stages, third instar I. Palidia present (fig. 5) ........................................ 2 1'. Palidia absent ................. (in part) Phyllophaga Harris Figs. 1-7. Thyce harfordi Casey. la. Head capsule, frontal aspect. Ib. Ultimate and penultimate antenna1 articles, proximal aspect. 2. Abdominal spiracle, 4th segment left side. 3a. Prothoracic leg, left lateral aspect. 3b. Prothoracic claw, caudal aspect. 4a. Left maxilla, dorsal aspect. 4b. Maxil- lary stridulatory teeth of left maxilla, dorsal aspect. 5. Raster, ventral aspect. 6a. Left mandible, dorsal aspect. 6b. Right mandible, dorsal aspect. 7. Epipharynx, proximal aspect. Symbols used : cpa chaetoparia ; dp, dexiophoba; h, heli; lu, unci of lacinia; pe, pedium; pi, plegmata; la, ~alidium; sd maxillary stridulatory area. Ps\rhr 7750-53 (LOTO). hup ttpsychc enlclub argi77177-OSO html



================================================================================

Erwin - Thyce harfordi




================================================================================

52 Psyche
[March
2 ( I ) .
Epipharynx with epizygum (sclerotized strip or patch near apex) ......... , ............................................................................ 3 2'.
Epipharynx without epizygum ................................................ 4 3 (2). Plegmata (fig. 7) short, not approaching outer cha,etoparia ; maxillary stridulatory teeth pointed .... Amphimallon Berthold 3'.
Plegmata long, closely approaching outer chaetoparia; maxil- lary stridulatory teeth truncate ................................................ .................................................. (in part) Phyllophaga Harris 4(2'). Dexiophoba (fig. 7) ringing much of right side of pedium; maxilla (fig. 4a) with a row of 14 or more long, conical stridulatory teeth; haptomerum (fig. 7) with a group of 15 or more hell ............................................... Polyphylla Harris 4'.
Dexiophoba short; maxilla with a row of 12-13 short, conical arcuate stridulatory teeth; haptomerum with a group of 14 heli (proximal ones small, setae-like) ............ T'hyce LeConte Genus Thyce LeConte, Third Instar Larva
The larvae of this genus are extremely similar to those of Poly- phylla Harris. This similarity may indicate the monophyly of the two taxa which are retained as good genera on the basis of the adult antennaJ characteristics.
The following combination of characteristics is diagnostic of the larvae of the genus Thyce:
Head without eye spots. Frons and gena
with numerous scattered setae, lateral ones long. Labrum symmet- rical. Epipharynx with epizygum; zygum indistinct. Haptomerum with a group of 14 heli. Plegmatia present, plegmata short. Propleg- matia absent. Dexiophoba short. Haptolachus with microsensilla. Maxilla with a row of 12-13 short, conical, arcuate stridulatory teeth. Lacinia with longitudinal row of 3 stout unci. Anal slit transverse,
ventral anal lobe not cleft. Raster with 2 short, longitudinal, parallel palidia. Preseptular hamate setae numerous, lateral setae long. Claws of prothoracic and mesothoracic legs long and falcate, those of mesothoracic legs slightly smaller. Claws of hind legs minute. T'hyce harfordi Casey, Third Instar Larva (Figs. 1-7)
Material.
Eleven specimens of third instar larvae found in pupal chambers and burrows beneath cherry trees, 2555 Meridian Avenue, San Jose, California, May, 1965 ; collected by Charles Baker, Toby Schuh, J. Gordon Edwards and me. Two specimens taken by Baker to Oregon, both subsequently reared by P. 0. Ritcher to the adult stage. Both were females of Thyce harfordi,



================================================================================

19701 Erwin - T'hyce harfordi
Description.
The following combination of characteristics is dagnos- tic of the larvae of this species: Maximum width of head capsule 7.0 to 7.3 mm. Head yellowish-brown in color, smooth, shiny. Hap- tomerum of epipharynx with 14 heli. Epipharynx without propleg- matia,
the area covered instead with setae. Each plegmatium with I 1-12 short plegmata. Haptolachus with seven microsensilla. Max- illa with row of 12-13 short, conical, arcuate stridulatory teeth. r 7
I horacic spiracles slightly larger than spiracles on abdominal segments 1-5, which are all similar in size. Spiracles on abdominal segments 6 to 8 progressively smaller. Anal slit transverse, slightly curved. Raster with 2 short, parallel, longitudinal palidia, each with 13 short, sharp, pali. Septula narrow. Tegilla extending forward beyond the palidium for a distance equal to or slightly greater than half the length of the palidium. Preseptular setae more numerous than 50 (50-IOO) , adjacent lateral setae long. Habitat. The specimens were found in the "B horizon" 14 to 48 inches deep in sandy clay among the roots of cherry trees in what appeared to be an "old" orchard.
The larvae found at 14 inches
were upside down (supine) in pupal chambers, while the deeper ones were adjacent to the lower surface of roots of the cherry trees. I would like to thank P. 0. Pitcher and J. Gordon Edwards for critically reading this manuscript and offering suggestions. LITERATURE CITED
RITCHER, P.O.
1966. White grubs and their allies, a study of North American Scara- baeoid larvae. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. 219 pp., 501 figs.




================================================================================


Volume 77 table of contents